How To Tell If An Emerald Is Real

Posted on June 15th, 2023 04:47 PM

A brief about Emerald Stone: 

The emerald gemstone holds a preeminent position within the jewelry industry as the most favored green gemstone. Its usage spans from ancient civilizations to modern-day society. Emeralds belong to the beryl mineral family and specifically represent the greenish-blue variety of beryl, a mineral that encompasses various color variations and even colorless stones. Morganite and aquamarine gemstone are notable examples of other color variations within the beryl family. Renowned for their unique and captivating hue, emeralds possess a wide range of shades, ranging from pale green to deep, rich green. This vibrant green coloration has been cherished for centuries, rendering emeralds one of the most highly sought-after gemstones worldwide.

Emeralds derive from the beryl mineral, which comprises beryllium aluminum cyclosilicate. The distinctive green color of emeralds emanates from the presence of chromium and, on occasion, vanadium. These gemstones form through the geological processes occurring within hydrothermal veins or pegmatite deposits, where optimal conditions of heat and pressure facilitate the gradual growth of emerald crystals over millions of years.

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In the evaluation of emeralds, color stands as the paramount factor in determining their value. The most esteemed emeralds boast a pure, intense green color, exhibiting exceptional transparency. Subtle undertones of blue or yellow may also be discernible, but a deep and vivid green shade, free from any unwanted tinges, holds immense popularity. Inclusions, commonly referred to as "jardin," are frequently found within emeralds and are generally acknowledged as part of their inherent character, as long as they do not significantly impair the gemstone's durability or transparency.

Types of Emeralds:

Emeralds can be categorized into different types based on their origin, color, and clarity characteristics. Here are some of the types of emeralds:

Colombian Emeralds:

colombian emeralds

Colombia has long been hailed as the premier source of fine emeralds. The country's emerald deposits, particularly in the regions of Boyacá and Cundinamarca, have consistently produced exceptional gemstones. These emeralds are renowned for their rich color, exceptional clarity, and beautiful beauty, earning them a prestigious reputation among gemstone enthusiasts and jewelry connoisseurs worldwide. 

The color of these emeralds is highly coveted for its intense saturation and vibrancy, which sets them apart from emeralds of other origins. Emeralds are found in a range of sizes, from small accent stones to impressive, large gems. Due to their exceptional color and clarity, Colombian emeralds are often cut into various shapes to maximize their beauty. 

Brazilian Emeralds:

brazilian emeralds

Brazil is renowned for its production of emeralds, and it is one of the major sources of these gemstones. The country's emerald mines are primarily located in the states of Minas Gerais, Bahia, and Goiás. One distinguishing feature of Brazilian emeralds is their color variation. While Colombian emeralds are often characterized by a deep, intense green color, Brazilian emeralds possess a broader range of hues. These emeralds are known for their transparency and remarkable clarity. 

Popular cuts for Brazilian emeralds include the classic emerald cut, round cut, pear cut, and oval cut. The choice of the cut depends on the individual stone's shape, size, and desired final appearance. They are often regarded as a more accessible and affordable option compared to emeralds from other sources, such as Colombia.

Zambian Emeralds:

brazilian emeralds

Zambian emeralds hold a significant place in the realm of gemstones, renowned for their deep green color and exceptional clarity. Zambia, located in southern Africa, is a prominent source of high-quality emeralds. These emeralds are celebrated for their remarkable color. They exhibit a rich, lush green hue that often leans towards a bluish-green or yellowish-green undertone. The color saturation of these emeralds is highly regarded, with these gemstones displaying a vibrant and intense green shade.

One of the distinguishing features of Zambian emeralds is their exceptional clarity. While emeralds from other sources often contain visible inclusions, These emeralds are known for their remarkable transparency and clarity. They are available in a range of sizes, from small accent stones to larger, eye-catching gems. The choice of cut is determined by the stone's shape, size, and desired final appearance, with skilled artisans carefully shaping each emerald to showcase its unique characteristics.

Treated Emeralds:

Treated emeralds refer to emeralds that have undergone enhancement processes to improve their appearance or durability. Treated emeralds often undergo various treatments to enhance their color, clarity, or durability. The most common treatments include oiling, filling, and resin infusion. It's important to note that these treatments are widely accepted in the industry as long as they are disclosed transparently to the buyer.

Treated emeralds may require specific care and maintenance guidelines. Regular cleaning and re-oiling or re-treatment may be necessary to preserve the emerald's appearance over time. Following the care instructions provided by the seller or certified gemologist is essential for the long-term beauty and durability of treated emeralds.

Ways to Consider if an Emerald is Real: 

color variations emeralds

Preferring the realism of an emerald can be formidable, but there are several ways and features to assess whether an emerald is real. Here are some ways to help determine the authenticity of an emerald:

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Genuine emeralds typically exhibit a distinctly green color. Look for a color that falls within the range of green shades commonly concerned with emeralds. These can include variations such as bluish-green, yellowish-green, or pure green without any significant undertones. Authentic emeralds often have rich and intense color saturation. While high-quality emeralds may have fewer inclusions, the presence of some inclusions is a positive indication of a natural gemstone.


Natural emeralds often display a unique pattern of inclusions that resemble foliage or garden-like formations. These inclusions are a positive indication of a natural emerald. Real emeralds have a hexagonal crystal structure, which can sometimes be observed through facets or when viewing the emerald from certain angles. Gemologists use a clarity grading system to assess the presence of inclusions in emeralds. Natural emerald often fall within the lower clarity grades due to the presence of inclusions. 


Real emeralds typically have good transparency, allowing light to pass through the gemstone. However, be aware that some treated or filled emeralds may have enhanced transparency. If the emerald appears too clear or lacks any internal characteristics, it may be a synthetic or treated stone.


Examine the emerald under magnification, such as a jeweler's loupe or a microscope. Look for natural inclusions, growth lines, and other characteristic features. Synthetic emeralds may display more perfect internal structures, such as consistent growth patterns or lack of inclusions.

Consultation of gemologists: 

It is important to note that some advanced artificial emeralds or replicas can closely mimic natural emeralds, making it challenging to identify them without professional expertise or specialized testing equipment. Consulting a certified gemologist or reputable jeweler can help you accurately determine the authenticity of an emerald.


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